« Guy Fawkes Day » is held on November 5 every year. It is also known as « Bonfire Night » and marks the anniversary of the discovery of a plot organized by Catholic conspirators to blow up the Houses of Parliament in London in 1605.
On Guy Fawkes Day, people commemorate (by setting off fireworks, lighting bonfires and burning cloth effigies or “guys.” ) that failed attempt to blow up the Houses of Parliament on November 5, 1605.
The Gunpowder Plot was a secret plan to overthrow King James l on the day set for the king to open Parliament.
The attack was planned by a group of Catholic conspirators, which included Guy Fawkes (13 April 1570-31 January 1606). They had hoped to raise a new monarch who was sympathetic to their cause, and return England to its Catholic past.
Guy Fawkes and other conspirators were arrested in a cellar beneath the House of Lords with thirty-six barrels of gunpowder. They were later tortured and executed.