The Republic of Ireland : history, facts and figures

, par Gaël Manescau

Ireland is the third-largest island in Europe. It lies on the west side of the Irish Sea, close to Great Britain. It is composed of the Republic of Ireland (also called the Irish Republic or Éire, its Irish name) which covers five sixths of the island and Northern Ireland (north-east), a part of the United Kingdom. The population of Ireland is approximately 5.7 million people, most of whom live on the east coast.

The Irish flag : The Republic of Ireland’s flag is made of three equal-sized rectangles of orange, white, and green. The green side is by the flagpole. This flag was first used in 1848. The green on the flag represents the native people of Ireland (most of whom are Roman Catholic). The orange represents the British supporters of William of Orange who settled in Northern Ireland in the 17th century (most of whom are Protestant). The white in the center of the flag represents peace and a lasting truce between these two groups of people.

You will find more about The Republic of Ireland on the following websites :

  • The Republic of Ireland on Enchanted Learning : geography, games, map printouts and many other resources for teachers and students.


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